The following figure gives you the name of various stages of the cell cycle for a plant cell.   Interphase not actually a part of the nuclear division know as mitosis but represents the visual appearance of the nucleus prior to and after mitosis.   Note the differences among the various stages of mitosis (i.e., Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase).   You will use this information to help you address most of the questions that follow.  For additional information refer to your textbook, especially Figures 8-2, 8-5, 8-6, and 8-10 on pages 151, 155, 156, and 160 in your textbook “Asking About Life” by Tobin & Dusheck.



1.  Of the four cells of onion seen in the following figure, what phases of the cell cycle are seen?   What are the dark objects seen in the center of the intact nuclei?   



Three nuclei are in interphase and the upper right cell is in telophase.











  1. What phase of mitosis is represented in the following picture?










3.  Of the two cells of onion seen in the following figure, what phases of the cell cycle do you observe?   

Upper cell is in metaphase and lower cell is in telophase








  1. Of the cells of onion seen in the following figure, match the particular phase of the cell cycle that the line is pointing to with the list given off to the right of the picture.     



____2.___  A. Anaphase

____4___  B. Prophase

____5.___  C. Metaphase

____1.___  D. Telophase

___ 3.____ E. Interphase


6.  Base on the figure to the left, what phase of the cell cycle appears to be the most common?  Metaphase and Interphase.




7.  Visit, which is available on the internet.   Based on what we discussed in class and the information available at this web site, what would happen to a human cell if it were placed in a hypertonic environment?   It would shrink due to water loss.


8.  Write out the definition for the following terms:  simple diffusion, osmosis, tonicity, isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic.